Towards a Complexity of Patriotic Allegiance
Edited By Maciej Hułas and Stanisław Fel
Patriotism: A Mapping of Theoretical Understandings and Empirical Studies (Brian Conway)
Brian Conway Maynooth University, Ireland Patriotism: A Mapping of Theoretical Understandings and Empirical Studies Introduction This chapter investigates the diverse theoretical meanings and empirical studies of patriotism from a mainly sociological perspective� As such, it seeks to provide an answer to this basic question: how is patriotism – or, more simply, “love of coun- try” – variously interpreted and studied by sociologists? Even a cursory examina- tion of the research literature shows that patriotism, as a significant component of national identity today, has both “nice” and “nasty” interpretations in terms of the work that it accomplishes in society, shifting from being a source of national belonging and allegiance on the one hand to a marker of ethnic superiority and dominance on the other� The latter tends to be associated with patriotism’s concep- tual cousin, nationalism1� Some controversy exists about the merits of lumping or splitting these two concepts but it is difficult to speak of one without mentioning the other2� They come together in shared positive evaluative ratings of the nation3� More recent understandings suggest that patriotism may be related to a uni- versal or cosmopolitan understanding of humanity, allowing for the expression of affiliation with distant strange others, even encompassing non-humans4� In this 1 D� Druckman, Nationalism, Patriotism, and Group Loyalty: A Social Psychological Per- spective, “Mershon International Studies Review”, 38 (1994), pp� 43–68; R� Brubaker, In the Name of the Nation: Reflections on Nationalism and Patriotism, “Citizenship Studies”, 8/2 (2004), pp� 115–127� 2 R� Brubaker, In the Name...
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