Towards a Complexity of Patriotic Allegiance
Edited By Maciej Hułas and Stanisław Fel
Beyond the Individual-Society Dualism. Georg Simmel’s Lesson (Monica Martinelli)
Monica Martinelli Università Cattolica, Milan, Italy Beyond the Individual-Society Dualism. Georg Simmel’s Lesson Introduction: Starting from the Anthropological Dimension The meaning and value of social bonds is a crucial and thorny issue in a historical period which is experiencing massive fragmentation of bonds and loyalties� The current crisis is a crucial example of this situation� In fact, we need to remind our- selves that this crisis is not only economical, but also cultural and spiritual; it refers to how individuals (and freedom) have been conceived starting from a negative vision of human relationality and alterity, instead of considering the importance of obligations and the sense of belonging� Ties have been perceived – both by a certain philosophical-cultural stance in the twentieth century and by organised forms of social life – more as a limit on the expansion of individuals and on the full deploy- ment of their desires and freedom, than as a resource for them� After all, the development model that flourished on a global scale after the fall of the Berlin Wall was based on the economy being disengaged from society from social obligations the need for equality, from territories and cultures� It was based on the planetary expansion of technological systems and of their functional logic (regardless of considerations about their meaning) That development model was based on a nihilist culture that has linked the truth, all meanings and values, to simple and constantly reversible individual opinions� In this sense, the current crisis represents a lesson that could encourage...
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