Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
Rural Poverty: The Mugla Gunluce Village Example
After the 1980’s, applied neo-liberal economic policies at the global level and the entrance of multinational corporations into the agricultural area were some of the issues expected to bring development and modernisation to the rural areas of underdeveloped countries. However, it can be said that the applied economic policies caused an increase in poverty. Due to existent circumstances, but also due to the new global market conditions, small agricultural producers could not earn their living from agricultural production which increased poverty among villagers. The situation is not different in Turkey. Turkey had to follow suggestions and sanctions of international organisations such as the European Union, International Monetary Fund and World Trade Organization when making political decisions. The implementation of these economic policies stopped or reduced the agricultural facilities from which the villagers had beneficiated and they had to either migrate to urban areas to find better jobs or stay in their villages and accept poverty.
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