← 68 | 69 →8 Conclusion
Camfranglais is a composite linguistic phenomenon that can be viewed in different ways. Depending on context and instance of use, it can be used as a sociolect, a register, or a speech style. It changes very quickly, and its vitality is maintained mainly by a dominantly male urban youth. It is highly interwined with Popular French, local and foreign languages, as well as Pidgin English and English. Independence and the reunification of former British and French Cameroon sped up the creation of Camfranglais, with the following factors playing a key role: 1) multiethnic communities in plantation agriculture zones, in areas of high economic activities, as well as well as in the political capital with a high number of civil servants from different ethnic origins; 2) widespread partial competence competence in Pidgin English; 3) audio-visual liberalization and the virtual media; 4) globalisation; and 5) the emergence of a youth hip-hop culture.
Camfranglais can be viewed as “an urban youth language instantiating youth identity on a discourse level” (Kießling and Reuster-Jahn ibid: 78). The use of Camfranglais now extends beyond youths to become a marker not only of urban identity but of a Cameroonian identity as well, given it is hinges much on Popular French. The key feature of Camfranglais is the manipulation of lexical items from French, local languages, Pidgin English, English and foreign languages. It is used in informal settings as a departure from the strictures of formal or academic French. Viewed in this way, Camfranglais is...
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