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The Yearbook on History and Interpretation of Phenomenology 2013

Person – Subject – Organism- An Overview of Interdisciplinary Insights

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Edited By Anton Vydra

The main topic of the volume encompasses three areas of phenomenological research: person, subject, and organism. These three topics are interrelated in various ways. On the one hand, the question is Husserlian phenomenology of personhood and subjectivity, and on the other hand, it is a broader problem including epistemological, ontological and biological approaches. Those great traditional and contemporary themes of subjectivitiy and intersubjectivity, concepts of person, community and interpersonality, questions of humanity, value and biological status of human beings all became part of Edmund Husserl’s focus. The contributors intend to show that a number of inspiring and unexplored questions arose from these thematic areas, questions which are related to various specific and interconnected fields of study.
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Heideggers Humanismuskritik und der gegenwärtige Transhumanismus

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Jana Tomašovičová

Abstract

As a key issue, human enhancement nowadays shapes many philosophical and scientific discussions. Controversy largely springs from concerns about the moral acceptability of human gene pool manipulation for the purposes of enhancing humanity by improving its physical, cognitive and emotional capabilities. However, whether mankind will benefit from such actions is a question which still needs to be assessed unequivocally. This article therefore analyzes the reasoning behind the main critique—with special emphasis on Heidegger’s critique—directed at present humanistic theories in order to investigate whether the most disputable points that have been a part of humanistic projects, and as such have been legitimately criticized, are not a part of transhumanistic visions as well. The article also addresses the questions of whether Heidegger, besides his critique of humanism, also offers a concrete solution that could show us how to eliminate its problematic aspectstand to what extent his investigations of humanity are able to extend contemporary discussions about transhumanistic tendencies.

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