Person – Subject – Organism- An Overview of Interdisciplinary Insights
Edited By Anton Vydra
Heideggers Humanismuskritik und der gegenwärtige Transhumanismus
As a key issue, human enhancement nowadays shapes many philosophical and scientific discussions. Controversy largely springs from concerns about the moral acceptability of human gene pool manipulation for the purposes of enhancing humanity by improving its physical, cognitive and emotional capabilities. However, whether mankind will benefit from such actions is a question which still needs to be assessed unequivocally. This article therefore analyzes the reasoning behind the main critique—with special emphasis on Heidegger’s critique—directed at present humanistic theories in order to investigate whether the most disputable points that have been a part of humanistic projects, and as such have been legitimately criticized, are not a part of transhumanistic visions as well. The article also addresses the questions of whether Heidegger, besides his critique of humanism, also offers a concrete solution that could show us how to eliminate its problematic aspectstand to what extent his investigations of humanity are able to extend contemporary discussions about transhumanistic tendencies.
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