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Les émotions dans le discours- Emotions in Discourse

Peter Blumenthal, Iva Novakova and Dirk Siepmann

Comment les mots permettent-ils d’appréhender ces objets obscurs que sont nos emotions ? Diverses langues européennes offrent-elles les mêmes perspectives sur cette réalité mouvante, explorée aussi par plusieurs disciplines appliquées (didactique, lexicographie, traitement automatique des langues) ? Le volume tente de répondre à ces questions en mettant en relief certaines innovations théoriques et méthodologiques en sémantique lexicale et en analyse du discours.
How do words allow us to understand these obscure objects that are our emotions? Do various European languages offer the same perspective on this changing reality, when explored by several applied disciplines (language teaching, lexicography, natural language processing)? This volume offers answers by highlighting theoretical and methodological innovations in lexical semantics and discourse analysis.
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Propagation de la charge évaluative au sein de la phrase : principes et étude sur un corpus informatif journalistique – Caroline Langlet/Patrice Enjalbert/Agata Jackiewicz

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Propagation de la charge évaluative au sein de la phrase : principes et étude sur un corpus informatif journalistique

Caroline Langlet*, Patrice Enjalbert** & Agata Jackiewicz***

Abstract

This chapter aims to highlight a phenomenon related to the expression of evaluation in discourse in which the evaluative force on a referent in a sentence can be transmitted to other entities involved in the situation described, and to the situation itself. This issue corresponds to some extent to the so-called problem of “target identification” in the field of opinion-mining in NLP. More specifically, we consider configurations in which the “initial” appraising statement is expressed by an epithet inside a noun phrase. Relying on a general principle of coherence, we show the importance of the logico-semantic structure of the proposition and analyze different modes of propagation between the eventuality itself and the realization of its actancial roles. Our work relies heavily on the study of a corpus of informative texts taken from technical-economic media, thanks to a set of linguistic tests designed to characterise segments with appraising value.

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