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Water, Towns and People

Polish Lands against a European Background until the Mid-16th Century


Urszula Sowina

The book describes the functions of water in Polish towns from the late Middle Ages to the beginning of the Early-Modern Era against a wide European background. It presents the issue of water supply in the context of the town as a complex social and economic organism, taking into account social relations, administration and power as well as living and working conditions. Describing water supply devices, the author reconstructs the ways in which the techniques were transferred to the Polish lands. She analyses municipal court books and documents concerning towns of various sizes in the Polish lands from the 14 th to the 16 th century, with particular emphasis on Kraków. In addition, she also considers archaeological and iconographical sources. Her findings provide a new insight into the alimentary and hygienic uses of water, its importance for production and crafts, and its use as a source of energy, transport and communication. This is the first broad comparative presentation of the subject in Polish and European literature.
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ADKr. – Archiwum Dominikanów w Krakowie/The Archive of the Polish Province of Dominican Fathers in Kraków:

ADKr 449 – Akta różnych sporów konwentu krakowskiego z radą miejską o grunty, kanały i domy/ Documents concerning various disputes between the Kraków convent and the town council pertaining to lands, canals and houses: 1606–1637.

Kopiariusze dominikańskie/Collections of Dominican documents: from Łuck (Łc.1), Płock (Pd 4), Przemyśl (Pm.5).

LibAnt. (K.1) – Liber Antiquitatum et intercisarum Bullarum ac Privilegiorum Regalium et Censuum Inscriptionum atque Obligationum (anno 1530).

Prothocollon (Kr.3) – Prothocollon Privilegiorum, Fundacionum, Dotacionum, Inscriptionum, Censuum, Proventuum, Villarum, Domorum, Obligationuum, Literarum, Regalium, Commisionum, Decretorum, Transactionum, Concordiarum, Inventarium, Clenodiorum, Apparamentorum, Librorum, Choralium Ecclesiae et Conventus SS. Trinitatis Fratrum Predicatorum fideliter descriptum et consignatum per fr. Arnolfum Presinum St. Teologie Magistrum anno 1648; Prothocollon – – ex Antiquiori Protocollo per olim R.A.P.M. ArnolfumPresinium in Anno 1648 conscripto -- postea – – de Verbo ad Verbum -- transcriptum et consignatum – – anno 1700 -- per P.F. Anselmum Dorecki--.

AGAD – Archiwum Główne Akt Dawnych w Warszawie/Central Archives of Historical Records in Warsaw:

Town archives:

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