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Chauvinism, Polish Style

The Case of Roman Dmowski (Beginnings: 1886–1905)


Grzegorz Krzywiec

The book addresses the genesis of Polish integral nationalism and the role of Roman Dmowski as a co-founder of this phenomenon in the development of Polish political thought at the fin-de-siècle. Based on extensive documentary research, it attempts to show a broader picture of modern Polish political and social thinking in context of the late 19 th and early 20 th East Central Europe. The author reflects on the significance of racial thinking and Social Darwinism of the new nationalist imagination, arguing that its intellectual foundations came from anti-positivist and anti-Enlightenment tradition. He challenges the widespread assumption that Polish nationalism in its early version cherished somehow mild attitudes toward minorities, especially the Jews, claiming instead that enmity toward «Otherness» constitutes its ideological core. A major feature of the book is the contextualization of Polish nationalism against the backdrop of the fin-de-siècle European political thought.
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Chauvinism, Polish Style


The Case of Roman Dmowski (Beginings: 1886–1905)


The main focus of this book is the emergence of political radicalism at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and especially of one of its versions – right-wing radicalism, represented here by Roman Dmowski, co-founder and leader of the National Democrats. The main problem faced by the author has been that of attempting to reconstruct the ideological and also the socio-political origins of the Polish nationalist right. In one of its possible interpretations, this book could be regarded as a contextual biography devoted to the early period of political activity of this most important ideologue and leader of the nationalist movement in Poland at the turn of the 19th/20th centuries.

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