Development Projects planned by and with the people in a confined geographical and demographical context have proved to be a suitable framework for initiating and managing programs for social and economic upliftment. This practical guide for the field worker will focus mainly on integrated rural development projects favouring a holistic approach to development interrelating factors of economy, health, education, culture etc. After clarifying the key concepts of sustainable development and participation, this book gives a detailed account of the planning process. Quantitative and qualitative survey methods to identify needs and problems are introduced. Strategies to meet needs and resolve problems are explained within the framework of project design. A format for project proposal writing is suggested covering relevant criteria of donor agencies.