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Imagined Cosmopolis

Internationalism and Cultural Exchange, 1870s–1920s

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Edited By Charlotte Ashby, Grace Brockington, Daniel Laqua and Sarah Victoria Turner

The period from the 1870s to the 1920s was marked by an interplay between nationalisms and internationalisms, culminating in the First World War, on the one hand, and the creation of the League of Nations, on the other. The arts were central to this debate, contributing both to the creation of national traditions and to the emergence of ideas, objects and networks that forged connections between nations or that enabled internationalists to imagine a different world order altogether. The essays presented here explore the ways in which the arts operated internationally during this crucial period of nation-making, and how they helped to challenge national conceptions of citizenship, society, homeland and native tongue. The collection arises from the AHRC-funded research network Internationalism and Cultural Exchange, 1870–1920 (ICE; 2009–2014) and its enquiry into the histories of cultural internationalism and their historiographical implications.

This collection has been edited by members of the ICE network convened by Grace Brockington and Sarah Victoria Turner.

CONTENTS: Grace Brockington/Sarah Victoria Turner: Introduction: Art and Culture Beyond the Nation – Daniel Laqua: Introduction: Cosmopolitanism and the Individual – Jessica Wardhaugh: The Fabulous Destiny of Saint-Patrice: Royalist Cosmopolitanism and Republican France – Sharon Hecker: Navigating International Networks for Modern Sculpture at the Fin de Siecle: he Case of Medardo Rosso – Dina Gusejnova: A Prussian Diplomat and Cosmopolitan: Count Harry Kessler’s Cultural Politics during and after the First World War – Marina Dmitrieva: ‘Distance Passes through Me’: Herwarth Walden, Modernism and the Cosmopolitan Utopia – Charlotte Ashby: Introduction: Cultural Networks and Connections – Christopher Reed: Boston as Museum: Cosmopolitan Constructions of Japan – Vibeke Röstorp: Third Culture Artists: Scandinavians in Paris – Juliet Simpson: Art as Cosmopoetics: Ferdinand Hodler, Mallarmé and La Revue de Geneve – Rosie Ibbotson: Synoptic Outlooks: Cosmopolitan Vision and the Arts and Crafts Movement – Sarah Victoria Turner: Introduction: Real Places and Imagined Journeys – Hervé Inglebert and Sandra Kemp: Universal Histories, Universal Exhibitions and Universal Museums in Europe: Henry Cole and the Legacies of the South Kensington Museum – Marta Filipová: Regional Modernity and the Global Exhibition Network: Prague’s Exhibitions of 1891 and 1895 – Wouter Van Acker: World Capital Cities in the Belle Époque: Claiming Centrality through Cosmopolitanism – Charlotte Ashby: European Design Journals as Transnational Spaces – Grace Brockington: Introduction: The Expanded Universal Language Movement – Leonard Bell: Translations: Maori Art Nationalized in Settler-Colonial New Zealand and Internationalized in European Art and Theory – Helena Čapková: The Hawk Princess at the Hawk’s Well: Neo-Noh and the Idea of a Universal Japan – Katja Krebs: ‘So Utterly Foreign to the Spirit of Modern English Drama’: Internationalism and Theatrical Relations in London in the Early Twentieth Century – Sophie Hatchwell: ‘Acquiring a Foreign Accent’: Painting as Cosmopolitan Language in Edwardian Art Writing