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Strangers and Poor People

Changing Patterns of Inclusion and Exclusion in Europe and the Mediterranean World from Classical Antiquity to the Present Day

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Andreas Gestrich, Lutz Raphael and Herbert Uerlings

This collection presents research results of the Collaborative Research Centre 600 ‘Strangers and Poor People. Changing Patterns of Inclusion and Exclusion from Classical Antiquity to the Present Day’ at Trier University. It deals with central problems of social inclusion in societies of Europe and the Mediterranean World since Antiquity. The articles assembled here explore fundamental dimensions of the self-concepts of societies and social groups. From the perspectives of different disciplines, as History, History of Law, Literature Studies and Social Sciences, they focus on five main research areas: theoretical concepts of inclusion and exclusion, rights of membership and the inclusion of strangers in political spaces, religious dimensions of poor relief from the Middle Ages up into the twentieth Century, poor law and politics of poverty and the semantics of inclusion and exclusion.
Contents: Lutz Raphael: General introduction – Lutz Raphael: Royal protection, poor relief statute, and expulsion. Types of state and modes of inclusion / exclusion of strangers and poor people in Europe and the Mediterranean world since Antiquity – Cornelia Bohn: Inclusion and exclusion: Theories and findings. From exclusion from the community to including exclusion – Siegfried Schieder/Rachel Folz/Simon Musekamp: The social construction of European solidarity: The French, German, and Swedish debate on EU-policy towards the states of Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific (ACP) – Helga Schnabel-Schüle: Sovereignty change - On the potential of a research category – Helga Schnabel-Schüle: ‘Who belongs?’ - rights of membership and the inclusion of strangers in political spaces – Stefan Pfeiffer: The Alexandrian Jews and their agon of affiliation: the conflict of the years 38-41 A.D. – Altay Coşkun: ‘Civitas Romana’ and the inclusion of strangers in the Roman Republic: the case of the Social War – Christoph Cluse: Jewish community and civic commune in the high Middle Ages – Boris Olschewski/Bernhard Schmitt: The oath of homage in the context of sovereignty change. On the significance of a legal relict in the case of the Polish-Lithuanian partitions (1772-1795) – Sarah Vanessa Losego/Lutz Raphael: Practices of naturalisation and transformations of population: The case of the industrial Bassin of Longwy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) 1946-1990 – Markus Linden: From strangers to citizens. Modes and perspectives of political and social inclusion of immigrants in Germany – Sebastian Schmidt: Religious dimensions of poor relief from the Middle Ages up into the twentieth century – Monika Escher-Apsner: Serving the poor and strangers? ‘Confraternitates exulum’/‘Confraternitates pauperum’ and their modes of inclusion and exclusion – Sebastian Schmidt: «Pleasing to God and beneficial to man». On the confessional similarities and differences of early modern poor relief – Bernhard Schneider/Patrick Bircher: Catholic poverty discourses in the early nineteenth century – Beate Althammer/Inga Brandes/Katrin Marx-Jaskulski: Religiously motivated charitable work in modern times. Catholic congregations in the Rhineland and Ireland – Franz Dorn: Basic principles of poor relief from late Antiquity to the nineteenth century – Katrin Dort/Christian Reuther: Poor relief in the Carolingian capitularies – Alexander Wagner: Poor relief in early modern (legal) theory and legal systems – Andreas Gestrich/Jens Gründler: The Irish in Glasgow during the food shortages of 1846-1848 and 1878/79 - Aspects of inclusion and exclusion – Herbert Uerlings: Semantics of Inclusion/Exclusion – Philine Helas: Representations of St. Martin dividing his cloak with a beggar as a gauge of changing social practices in late medieval Europe – Ludwig Maria Vogl-Bienek: ‘From life’: The use of the magic lantern in nineteenth-century social work – Herbert Uerlings: Stigma ‘Gypsy’. An enduring semantics of exclusion – Iulia-Karin Patrut: «Is it worth the trouble to defame a Gypsy?» On Aryanism, Indo-Germanic ideology and the discourses on foreign peoples in the second half of the nineteenth century.