This book sheds new light on James Hogg, the Scottish poet (1770-1835), going beyond the ‘Ettrick Shepherd’ stereotype. By focussing on Hogg’s poetry (
The Queen’s Wake,
Pilgrims of the Sun) it shows that his work, and the critical response to it, was significantly shaped by the concept of the autodidact: a working-class writer who was considered to be a poet of ‘Nature’s Making’.
The image of the autodidact is pursued from its beginnings – Ramsay’s
Gentle Shepherd, Macpherson’s
Ossian, Burns as ‘ploughman poet’ – through its development in the nineteenth century, to its last gasps in the twentieth. Poets considered include Isobel Pagan, Janet Little, William Tennant, Allan Cunningham, Robert Tannahill, Janet Hamilton, Ellen Johnston, Elizabeth Hartley, Alexander Anderson, David Gray, David Wingate and James Young Geddes. Despite facing difficulties, autodidacts produced some of the most innovative and exciting poetry of the nineteenth century.
The author argues that the autodidactic tradition, exemplified by Hogg, nurtured the creative vigour manifested in twentieth-century Scottish poetry. While Scotland’s autodidacts shared poetic concerns and techniques, they were characterised, above all, by diversity of poetic voice.
Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2007. 376 pp., 8 ill.
Contents: Scottish literature in the nineteenth century – Poetry and Song in Scotland from the late eighteenth to early twentieth
centuries – Nineteenth century poetry in Scotland – The autodidactic tradition – Self-taught and peasant-poets in Scottish
literature – The poetry of James Hogg – Scottish poets including Allan Ramsay, James Macpherson, Robert Burns and James Young