The Rise of Multiculturalism in Canada and Australia, 1890s–1970s
6 The Introduction of a Multicultural Policy in Australia, 1972–1978
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The Introduction of a Multicultural Policy in Australia, 1972–1978
Australia adopted a multicultural policy in the late 1970s to replace integration as the basis of its approach to migrants. Like Canada an official policy of multiculturalism arose out of a multicultural philosophy—there was a difference between the two. Also similarly to Canada a philosophy of multiculturalism took the place of the ‘new nationalism’ as the foundation of Australian national identity. Moreover, a post–White Australia immigration policy was introduced in the late 1970s after the White Australia policy was completely abandoned earlier in the decade.
The “New Nationalism” and a Non-discriminatory Immigration Policy
If you want to put a label on it, the New Nationalism does as well as any. Call it that, or a greater spirit of national identity, or an increased sense of Australian purpose, or whatever, but the chances are that unless you’re a 67-year old mining magnate who’s a member of the League of Empire Loyalists you’re aware of a certain rare feeling of national self-respect these days.1 ← 169 | 170 →
The foregoing quote from The Australian in April 1973 attempted to capture the essence of what the “new nationalism” meant during the early 1970s. However, it never had a clear meaning. It was an attempt by Australian governments to deal with the demise of Britishness as the core of their national identity by constructing a local nationalism....
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