AAVE (African American Vernacular English), 55–56 abuse of juvenile offenders, 53–54 in Nicaraguan schools, 193, 196, 199 protection of students from, 4 treatment of students for, 57 ACTE (Advisory Committee for Traveller Education), 208 adult time for adult crime mantra, for U .S . juveniles, 53 adults decisions impacting child’s experiences in school, 123 role as duty-bearers for children’s rights, 122 Advisory Committee for Traveller Education (ACTE), 208 African American children disproportionately impacted by zero-toler- ance, 40–41 as marginalized and stigmatized, 52–53 narratives of exclusion, 44–50 prison records of, 54 rate of suspension, 43 school-to-prison pipeline, 53–55 African American Vernacular English (AAVE), 55–56 all in one religious education model, 240–241, 244–245 allegiance to one religious education model, 240, 244 alternative education options, for expelled children, 49, 56–57 American Psychological Association (APA), 42 Amnesty International on human rights abuse of U .S . juvenile of- fenders, 53–54 providing human rights education resources, 32–33 on sexual abuse of students in Nicaragua, 193 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS), 2008, 226–227 anti-bias goals, for children, 215–216 Aotearoa New Zealand . see indigenous rights in early childhood (Maori) APA (American Psychological Association), 42 apartheid changes since defeat of, 170 denial of human rights to oppressed, 183 SwadenerEtal.indd 255 06/08/13 8:06 AM 256 | Index human and children’s rights violated during, 170 APIS (Annual Poverty Indicators Survey), 2008, 226–227 Article 5 (guidance/direction from adults), CRC, 34 Article 6 (life, survival, and development), CRC, 23,...
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