Participatory Pedagogy, Interactive Learning, and Web 2.0
4. Interactive Learning
The use of technology in education creates an interactive exchange of information—from teachers to students, and from students to teachers—that reinvents the way we educators teach. The conventional stand and present model of teaching gives way to a stand, present, and interact one. In the former model, students receive information, digest it, and react to it. This is a process of hearing lecture material on a particular topic, taking notes as study material, and offering verbal comment in class as part of a discussion or critique. This is conventional class participation. In the latter model, students receive information, digest it, react to it, and interact with it. This process engages students significantly more. Students still may react verbally, such as in a standard question-and-answer scenario. However, with this new model, students engage with electronic devices as well. Class participation happens via mobile devices, tablet computers, smartphones, and the like—in addition to and sometimes instead of verbal offerings. This is the fundamental principle of interactive learning.
To further differentiate the two approaches, let us define verbal involvement as reaction, and participation via devices as interaction. In a single class, reaction and interaction may occur simultaneously or separately, but in order for students to have a successful instructional experience in which they will learn new material using new media devices, both reaction and interaction should be present. It seems quite basic, but, in short, students should both talk and use...
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