Cultural policies and urban regeneration between conservation and development
This book focuses on the relationships between the creative city principles and the planning approach introduced by the European Landscape Convention in order to identify best practices for the development of innovative cultural policies and new urban regeneration tools.
The research is characterized by a cross-cutting approach to cultural heritage. It proposes a new model for the design of advanced cultural districts consisting of a benchmark methodology and a "toolbox" of spatial, economic and social indicators that can be used to build the necessary knowledge. Finally, having Sardinia Region (IT) as reference, the book offers a picture of programs and plans to which the methodology and the toolbox can be applied, outlining their potential impacts within cultural and spatial planning.
5. The Advanced Cultural District in Regional Planning
The Advanced Cultural District in Regional Planning
Instruments and Methodologies
The eco-systemic approach of the studies on industrial organisation has allowed a better understanding of the creative spatial policies. The interest in urban regeneration and local development has encouraged their spread in Europe, especially thanks to the EU programming where the creative spatial policies are a starting point for the construction of advanced cultural districts. In order to identify the social, economic and spatial dimensions of these policies new analytic tools have been developed with the support of several disciplines (Table 16).
The following paragraphs provide an overview on these instruments and on their applications in the construction of advanced cultural districts pointing out the local development factors considered in this process.
Table 16. The three dimensions of creative spatial policies according to the eco-systemic approach
Source: elaboration by the author←109 | 110→
5.1 The existent instruments and their effectiveness
5.1.1 The economic survey: statistical indicators, analysis of the relationships between companies and production chains
The first step towards the construction of a district is a statistical analysis on the local cultural and creative production, on the competitiveness of the district in the global, European, national and regional markets (city ranking and benchmarking).
The relating literature provides various panels of indicators1. The choice depends on the importance given to cultural heritage according to the approach adopted (econo-centric, culture-centric or integrated) (Table 17)...
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