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English versus Slavic

Lexicon in a Morphological and Semantic Perspective


Ewa Konieczna and Robert Kiełtyka

This book offers a collection of papers pertaining to the most thought-provoking problems in the areas of theoretical and contrastive linguistics. The contributions are devoted to current developments in morphological and semantic theorizing. The contrastive analyses conducted by the authors examine the structure of English and selected Slavic languages.

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Lexico-semantic Analysis of the Nouns Denoting Respect in English and Ukrainian (Myroslava Fabian)


Myroslava Fabian

Lexico-semantic Analysis of the Nouns Denoting Respect in English and Ukrainian

Abstract: The present paper deals with comparative analysis of the English and Ukrainian languages on the material of the nouns denoting respect. To carry out this research, a new approach to the study of lexical semantics based on its formalized presentation has been introduced due to which any group of lexis regardless of the language type can be studied. Much attention is paid to both quantitative and qualitative analyses of the nouns which explicitly as well as implicitly reveal the feeling of respect in its various manifestations in English and Ukrainian. The paper describes the groups of words denoting respect as fragments of the languages’ vocabularies in their synchronic description. English and Ukrainian are treated as systems with properties and principles of their own which determine the way their lexical units function. The vocabularies of the languages under study are considered as networks of expressions that are mutually related by all kinds of semantic relations. The study of meaning is concerned with semantic structures of the nouns denoting respect, and the meanings of the lexical units in question are determined by their positions in the linguistic structures they are parts of. Lexico-semantic analysis of the forms and means of expressing respect in two distantly related language systems deals with those structures directly. The nouns in question in English and Ukrainian are described, classified and studied as autonomous linguistic systems possessing certain structures. Methodology...

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