This collection of articles is the result of the research project «The Polish local society in the process of European integration – a decade of experience», financed by the Polish National Science Centre (NCN). The aim was to investigate the process of integration in the EU of six selected local Polish communities. The same six communities had been studied ten years before, when Poland was preparing for the EU accession. The research was based on qualitative methodology. The results show that the knowledge of the EU in local Poland remains at a very low level. The exception is competence in the field of EU structural funds. These funds are the main factor which determines the positive attitude of Poles towards the EU and the Polish membership in it. At the same time the process of the construction of a European identity in terms of values remains very problematic.
Collective memory about the past and multiculturalism (Krzysztof Koźbiał)
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Institute of European Studies, Jagiellonian University of Kraków
Collective memory about the past and multiculturalism
Abstract: This chapter discusses the process of change of collective memory in Polish local communities during the first decade of membership in the EU. The main focus here is on the memory of multicultural past of regions where the research was conducted. EU membership, openness to the West of Europe and, in general, the process of transformation towards an open society generate changes in the perception of other cultures, memories of which are present in local communities. On the other hand, the existence of the Polish and EU eastern border between Poland and Ukraine leads to deepening of negative stereotypes of Ukraine and Ukrainians.
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