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Deutschsprachige Zionismen

Verfechter, Kritiker und Gegner, Organisationen und Medien (1890–1938)

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Edited By Lisa Sophie Gebhard and David Hamann

Der moderne Zionismus bildete nie eine politische Einheit, sondern vielmehr eine heterogene Bewegung. Wie ihre ZeitgenossInnen waren auch die ZionistInnen in ihrer ideologisch-politischen Entwicklung von gängigen Wissens- und Ideenbeständen beeinflusst und verhandelten in dieser Zeitgebundenheit ihre Vision(en) von einer künftigen jüdischen Heimstätte. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes analysieren AkteurInnen, Agitationsmittel und Diskurse innerhalb der vielseitigen zionistischen Bewegung, die als ‚Zionismen‘ apostrophiert werden. Die AutorInnen hinterfragen herkömmliche Narrative im Hinblick auf individuelle und kollektive Strategien der Identitätsbildung. Sie beleuchten zudem das spannungsreiche Verhältnis der ZionistInnen untereinander sowie ihre ambivalenten Beziehungen zu nichtzionistischen Gruppen.

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Abstract

Abstract

Extract

Modern Zionism, as formed in the wake of the First Zionist Congress in 1897, at no point represented a unified movement. The term ‘Zionism’ rather circumscribes a highly heterogenous movement, whose development was strongly shaped by contemporary political-ideological trends. Reflecting ideas and knowledge of their time, Zionists were engaged in a constant process of negotiating and re-formulating their vision of a future ‘Jewish homeland’.

This edited volume brings together the findings of an accordingly named conference, held in Berlin in October 2017, which reflect on this highly dynamic field of scholarship on German-speaking Zionism. The contributions analyze various actors, means of agitation, and discourses that were part of the diverse Zionist movement, which we conceptualize in its plural form as ‘Zionisms’. This term reflects the central focus of the edited volume, which opens new perspectives and challenges traditional narratives. Based on individual and collective strategies of identity formation, traditional concepts and categories, as developed by contemporaries and historians, are critically assessed.

In addition to the often-times tense relationships amongst Zionists, the volume also analyzes the encounter with other Jewish, non-Zionist groups. Contributions thereby analyze both rapprochements and cooperation, as well as conflicts and power struggles.

Le sionisme moderne, qui s’est organisé à partir du Ier congrès sioniste en 1897, n’a jamais été uniforme. La notion de « sionisme » recouvre en réalité un mouvement très hétérogène dont le développement idéologique et politique porte la marque du contexte de son...

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