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Digital Historical Research on Southeast Europe and the Ottoman Space

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Edited By Dino Mujadzevic

As digital humanities in recent years have been taking roots in major international research centers, this edited volume consisting of ten papers including the introduction seeks to examine the current state of the digital/data-driven research in history and neighboring disciplines dealing with Southeast Europe as well as with the Ottoman Empire and to give an interdisciplinary impetus by bringing together international scholars working with various digital approaches. The included papers give a broad introduction into the field and follow various methods of digital analysis and visualization incorporating approaches like corpus-assisted critical discourse analysis,GIS (Geographic Information Systems), agent-based modelling, computationalstatistics etc.

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Archaeological Perspectives for Climate Change and Human Impacts on the Environment: An Agent-Based Modeling Approach

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Bülent Arıkan

While scholars have been discussing the impact of human societies on the environment since the Industrial Revolution, the body of literature on the history of ancient human impacts in different parts of the world continues to grow. In these discussions, the emerging consensus is that the wide range of anthropogenic impacts relates to the level of social organization, which defines the scale of human land and resource use. Using computational modeling methods, it is now possible to simulate complex, dynamic, and non-linear processes in a given environment at a given time that occur naturally or are due to anthropogenic influence. In the broadest sense, it is possible to divide models into two groups: (1) stochastic models only focus on one variable (e.g., change in precipitation) and apply random variations to estimate the end result with other variables and (2) agent-based models (ABMs) that are capable of estimating changes in a multitude of social, economic and environmental variables across time and space. The latter can simulate the dynamic and recursive real-world processes. Models, both ABMs and stochastic models, represent new approaches in interpreting multifaceted, interdisciplinary data in archaeology. The use of models and the mindset behind modeling not only allow researchers to display the long-term interactions among numerous variables but they also enable us to examine the emergent properties, which only surface in time and as a result of interaction between variables. Observing these qualities, experimenting with the variables that have greater significance for humans,...

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