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Sprechen und Vortragen lernen im Fremdsprachenunterricht

Interpretativ, kreativ und ganzheitlich mit Gedichten


Anke Stöver-Blahak

In dieser empirischen Arbeit geht es um die Evaluierung von Methoden der Ästhetischen Kommunikation im Fremdsprachenunterricht. Konkret untersucht wird die Entwicklung der Sprech- und Vortragskompetenz von sieben Probandinnen und Probanden eines Sprachkurses Deutsch als Fremdsprache, die sie während eines Semesters entwickeln, während sie die Sprechfassung eines Gedichtes erarbeiten. Das Forschungsprojekt folgt dabei einem qualitativen Ansatz und ist dem Bereich der action research zuzuordnen. Im Ergebnis kann die Autorin deutliche Entwicklungen der individuellen Sprech- und Vortragskompetenzen nachweisen. Sie zeigt somit, dass kreative, ganzheitliche Methoden der ästhetischen Kommunikation sinnvoll im Fremdsprachenunterricht einzusetzen sind und der Referenzrahmen in diesem Bereich ausdifferenziert werden könnte.


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Abstract (en.)


IX Abstract The main source of inspiration for this work was the lack of suitable methods for practising speaking and presentation skills in foreign language teaching. Previ- ous experiences with teaching methods using aesthetic communication have shown positive results, leading to the question of whether the speaking and pre- senting skills of foreign students learning German could be improved using methods such as poetry reading. The rationale behind the use of a pre-existing text, in this case a poem, is that it frees the speakers from the task of generating their own content, lexicon and grammar, thereby allowing them to concentrate on pronunciation, body language and the communication of personality. Poetry is especially appropriate for this as it allows many different means of expression. The research aim of this work is to assess the suitability of methods of aes- thetic communication in foreign language teaching using the example of Ger- man as a foreign language. A teaching method based on a holistic model of the language production process has been developed with the aim of improving speaking and presentation skills. The method and results have been empirically assessed, documented and evaluated. The project comes under the heading “ac- tion research” and follows a qualitative approach. The focal point of the study was the development of the presentation skills of seven learners over one semester in a German as a foreign language course at a German university. The development of the students’ presentation skills was recorded and evaluated. Here, factors such...

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