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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.

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The Impact of Privatisation on Earnings in Transition Countries ([Julide Yalcinkaya Koyuncu] [Rasim Yilmaz])

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Julide Yalcinkaya Koyuncu1 & Rasim Yilmaz2 The Impact of Privatisation on Earnings in Transition Countries Introduction Standard arguments of privatisation regarding wages point out that under public ownership, workers earn high wages and benefits due to unionisation and soft budget constraints. As such, before privatisation, public corporation managers supported by soft budgets were not provided with incentives to minimise costs. Besides, public unions were in a total monopoly bargaining position. Thus, they were able to get excessive pay levels and benefits for their members by using their power on politicians and during bargaining. After privatisation, the aim of the new owners facing hard budgets was to maximise profits; therefore, they had a greater incentive to minimise costs. Besides, privatisation reduces workers bar- gaining power and therefore union wage premiums. Thus, effective new owners are able to raise productivity and lower costs by reducing wages and over-staffing. However, the effect of privatisation on wages is theoretically ambiguous. Wages may either rise or fall as a result of privatisation depending on the firms’ level of output, market power of firms, union’s role, and the nature of wage determination in the market (Monterio, 2003). New private owners faced with stronger profit-related incentives, harder budget constraints, and constant output may reduce costs by reducing wages. On the other hand, if the privatised firm’s output rises in response to an increase in the firm’s market share and the total quantity demanded for the industry, as well as the skills of new management regarding marketing, innovation, and...

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