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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.

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Fascism and its Body Politics ([Elifhan Köse] [Özgür Bayraktar])

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Elifhan Köse & Özgür Bayraktar Fascism and its Body Politics Introduction The most important thing to be said about the wars is that the body is both the object and the subject of the violence. Fascism aims the bodies directly; fascism becomes an ideology spreading into civil life not only by destroying bodies, but also by using the other reclamation (eugenic) tools. What is Fascism? Fascism has emerged after the First World War. It can be described as an ideol- ogy that acknowledges the nation as “infinite reality,” as defended militarism and imperialism opinions to expand “the living space of the nation,” as a state that concretes with a single strong leader, with aims of a new political life including critique, and as the “cleaning” of liberal political principles (Bourderon, 1989). The Economic Depression after World War I, the success of the Soviet Revolution, and the fear of communism laid foundations for fascism. Fascism broke new ground to the history of war by its policies on the body such as eugenic and genocide camps. German fascism (Nazism) has created various violence types that are still open to comment by its body policies and experiments that can be deemed as its essence. Jews were the initial targets of this violence, but in time, all people that broke “purity of society” and that were called “asocial” by the Nazis became the target of this violence. In this study, body politics of the Nazis will be examined. Organismic Society Theory Organismic society...

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