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Current Approaches in Social Sciences

Edited By Rasim Yilmaz, Günther Löschnigg, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay

Current Approaches in Social Sciences is a collection of research papers on a wide range of social issues written by researchers from several different institutions. The book will appeal to educators, researchers, social students and teachers of all subjects and of all levels, who wish to develop personally and professionally. It will also be useful to all those who interact, one way or another, with both students and teachers in a social context.

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An Investigation of Unemployed University Graduates’ Depression Levels:The Case of Çanakkale Province ([Bünyamİn Bacak] [Ebru Kanyilmaz Polat])

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Bünyamİn Bacak & Ebru Kanyilmaz Polat An Investigation of Unemployed University Graduates’ Depression Levels: The Case of Çanakkale Province1 Introduction The history of studies for psychological consequences of unemployment dates back to the 1930s (Eisenberg & Lazarsfeld, 1938: 358; Jahoda, Lazarsfeld, & Zeisel, 2009: 8). The results that psychological health was affected adversely from unem- ployment were obtained in most of the studies from the 1930s to the present day. The longitudinal studies revealed that the psychological health of individuals was impaired after unemployment and showed improvement in re-employment. The decrease of mental health of individuals in unemployment and the increase in re-employment were determined in 16 meta-analytic longitudinal studies made in Austria, Britain, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, the Netherlands, Norway, and the United States between the years 1986–1996 (Jackson & Warr 1984: 605; Wanberg etc. 2001: 296–297; Murphy & Athanasou 1999: 89). A search study was conducted by writing “employment” and “health” in a search engine in the Psychlnfo Index using EBSCOhost in order to analyse the relation- ship between employment and health in another study conducted on the subject. 33 articles that mentioned the health results affected by employment were found in the literature summary. The results of 173,871 participants from 24 different coun- tries were obtained from articles. Studies were applied to 20,000 English people in 1997, 38,472 Europeans in 2007, 8,747 Australians and 15,468 Finnish employees or job seekers in 2003, and 270 Norwegians in 1993. These studies showed the positive effects...

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