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Economy in Romania and the Need for Optimization of Agricultural Production Structures

Jean Vasile Andrei and Gheorghe H. Popescu

Agriculture represents a basic economic sector for Romanian economy with major implication on a large part of inland population. The accession to the EU has imposed major changes to the Romanian agricultural sector to achieve better outcomes and to adapt to the new economic performance criteria. The book represents a pertinent analysis regarding the evolution of the Romanian agricultural sector and emphasis the need for optimization of the agricultural production structures. Valuing the inland agricultural potential involves designing well competitive production structures which should better combining all the productions factors existing in the rural areas and communities. The book contains five alternatives in designing the agricultural production structures.
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Chapter I Importance of Agriculture in Romanian Economy

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1.1 General agricultural context of the Romanian economy

Agriculture represents for Romania a large economic sector with implications in ensuring the national potential development, but also in shaping its own evolving structure models of the national production. The integration in the European Economic space equally determines achieving functional transformation of this sector in the conditions of ensuring a necessary convergence to meet the specific requirements of the European agricultural model. To adap the agricultural highly competitive and functional production structures to the market economy involves not only the reform of agricultural production as a whole, but also a shift in the structure of proprietary production resources.

Reconsidering the role that agricultural sector must hold within the national economy should represent not only the result of a scientific step that most often remains only theoretical and declarative, but to be doubled by incentive measures to increase exploitation degree of agricultural potential that Romania has. In this context, agriculture must be analyzed not only from the perspective of achieving GDP, but from a broader one, as a support for developing Romanian rural area and also as a provider of resources and raw materials for downstream economic sectors and beneficiary of imputs of various industries (fertilizer and amendaments, equipment and automation, etc).

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