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Translation and Interpretation in Europe

Contributions to the Annual Conference 2013 of EFNIL in Vilnius


Edited By Gerhard Stickel (EFNIL)

Europe is not «lost in translation». It lives in and by translation and interpretation. The 11 th conference of the European Federation of National Institutions for Language (EFNIL) dealt with the importance of these two significant communicative techniques for mutual understanding within multilingual Europe. The articles by official representatives of the different European institutions inform about the facts of day-to-day interpretation and translation in Brussels, Luxembourg and Strasbourg. Experts discuss translation and interpretation under various general aspects including a historical perspective. Reports on the training and activities of interpreters and translators in several European countries follow. A discussion of the demands and suggestions for translation and interpretation in Europe concludes the thematic part of the book.
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Claude Durand – (Directorate General of Interpretation, European Commission) Panel presentation


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Claude Durand

Panel presentation

Mrs Chairperson, Ladies and gentlemen,

In my short presentation I will try to answer most of the very relevant questions suggested.It is difficult to predict how demand for interpretation in the European institutions will develop in the future, especially since the “on request” system introduced in 2004 at the time of the “big bang” in the Council of Ministers of the EU has changed a long standing pattern in the operational use of official languages. This system, which gives a financial incentive to Member States who voluntarily limit their requests for interpretation, has reinforced a downward trend in the use of some “northern” languages but has had no real impact on interpretation figures related to the main widely-used languages (also called “relay languages” in our jargon).

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