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The Matthean Community and the World

An Analysis of Matthew’s Food Exchange


James P. Grimshaw

This study of the Matthean narrative uses the interpretive lens of food exchange to explore the Matthean community’s relationship with the wider world. While many studies depict this community as withdrawing from or in conflict with the larger society, James P. Grimshaw’s focus on the daily need for food reveals a community that, while distinct, progressively integrates itself into the larger Jewish and Gentile society and the natural world. In addition, this view of community corresponds to the view of a God who actively provides for and relates to all creation. Grimshaw’s alternative portrayal of the Matthean community, whose interactions with its surrounding environment are more complex and sustained than often imagined, is a compelling interpretation for today’s stratified and disconnected world.