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Bloodguilt, Atonement, and Mercy

An Exegetical and Theological Study of 2 Samuel 21:1-14

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Jinsoo Kim

It is said in 2 Samuel 21:1-14 that YHWH sends a three-year famine to his people because of their former King Saul‘s misdeed against the Gibeonites, their old treaty partner. As we know, Saul died earlier in the battle against the Philistines on Mount Gilboa (1 Sam. 31:1-6) – YHWH‘S punishment for Saul‘s disobedience to his command (1 Sam. 28:15-19). Why then does his cause have to be retried, and why in David‘s reign, and why, this time, with a huge national disaster? Is YHWH so vengeful as to continue to exact punishment?
The Author: Jin-Soo Kim wrote this work as his ThD dissertation at Apeldoorn Theological University (The Netherlands). Since 1996 he has been ordained as a pastor in Hapshin Presbyterian Church (South Korea).