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Observations on Transaction

A Discussion of Watzlawick’s Second Axiom

Gerhard Gelbmann

This book deals with two aspects of interpersonal communication – the content aspect and the relationship aspect. Concepts like meta-communication are analysed, as well as reductionism, social system or aspect. The study criticizes approaches toward a Philosophy of Communication which start from notions like Ordinary Language or Language Instinct or Communication as Oriented Toward (Mutal) Understanding. This essay gives a vivid, sometimes witty and polemical discussion of several points linked to themes like idealisation or systemic concept of person, and it proposes an attempt to base a conception of communication on the constructivist’s understanding of the term of observation. The way how a comprehension of transaction is shaped proves to be useful for understanding emotions as an element of human life and social interaction.
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Sprachphilosophie und Sprachpsychologie

Der sprachkritische Ansatz von Friedrich Kainz

Gerhard Gelbmann

Friedrich Kainz (1897-1977) trat früh mit sprachpsychologischen Forschungen in Erscheinung und wurde von Wilhelm von Humboldt und Karl Bühler beeinflußt. Sein Denken bewegte sich von sprachpsychologischer Forschung zu philosophiekritisch gewendeter Sprachkritik. International bekannt wurde er durch seine umfangreiche Psychologie der Sprache, deren zentrale Aussagen die Konzepte Sprech- und Sprachhandlung, Sprache als Superstruktur, das Verhältnis von Denken und Sprache, ferner Urteilsausdruck, Diktion, Artikulation, abstraktive Relevanz, Sprachrelativismus und Sprachverführung betreffen. Neben diesen Konzepten wird in dieser Arbeit Friedrich Kainz’ Haltung zum Nationalsozialismus untersucht. Die Arbeiten von Friedrich Kainz bieten alternative Ansätze zum Neopositivismus und der analytischen Philosophie.
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Wittgenstein Archived

Bergenser Essays

Gerhard Gelbmann

This book approaches the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein from various different angles. Wittgenstein as a background for the interpersonal pragmatic theory of communication by Paul Watzlawick et al. is dealt with as well as Wittgenstein’s way of writing and in what sense the fragmentary «Philosophical Investigations» are a book. A central chapter is devoted to Wittgenstein’s and Norman Malcolm’s writings on remembering and memory. Last but not least the reader finds a criticism of Jaakko Hintikka’s conception of Pragmatics and his more recent view on Wittgenstein as a dyslectic writer. Whether in interpretational or exegetic, applicative or conceptual studies – this volume is a further proof for the on-going discussion and influence of the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein.