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Networks of Empire

The US State Department’s Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France, and Britain 1950–70


Giles Scott-Smith

Exchange programmes have been a part of US foreign relations since the nineteenth century, but it was only during and after World War II that they were applied by the US government on a large scale to influence foreign publics in support of strategic objectives.
This book looks at the background, organisation, and goals of the Department of State’s most prestigious activity in this field, the Foreign Leader Program. The Program (still running as the International Visitor Leadership Program) enabled US Embassies to select and invite talented, influential ‘opinion leaders’ to visit the United States, meet their professional counterparts, and gain a broad understanding of American attitudes and opinions from around the country.
By tracking the operation of the Program in three key transatlantic allies of the United States a full picture is given of who was selected and why, and how the target groups changed over time in line with a developing US-European relationship. The book therefore takes a unique in-depth look at the importance of exchanges for the extension of US ‘informal empire’ and the maintenance of the transatlantic alliance during the Cold War.


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APPENDIX IV. List of Interviews 483


483 APPENDIX IV List of Interviews Dutch FLP Grantees Willem Aantjes, Utrecht 12 March 2002 Prof. W. Albeda, Rotterdam 21 February 2002 Peter Bogaers, Amersfoort 12 March 2002 Dr Corstiaan Bos, Middelburg 17 April 2002 & Katwijk 23 Septem- ber 2002 Willem Dam, Brielle 29 May 2002 Dr Frans van Dongen, The Hague 15 March 2002 Anthony Duynstee, Maastricht 4 June 2002 Prof. & Mrs Feenstra, Leiden 14 May 2002 Marinus van der Goes van Naters, Wassenaar 15 May 2001 Anneke Goudsmit, Amsterdam 3 September 2003 Louw de Graaf, Amsterdam 15 April 2002 Hans Gruijters, Amsterdam 25 February 2003 Dr. Hammacher van den Brande, Brussels 24 August 2002 Cees van den Heuvel, The Hague 6 August 2002 Dr Ferry Hoogendijk, Naarden 6 March 2002 Prof. A. Hoogerwerf, Cadzand 27 May 2002 Peter Idenburg, The Hague 29 January 2002 & 18 July 2002 Prof. P.J.G. Kapteyn, The Hague 15 July 2003 Wobina Kwast, Amsterdam 2 July 2002 Prof. Hendrik Lambers, Rotterdam 8 May 2002 Hendrik Meijer, Middelburg 8 February 2002 Sieb Miedema, The Hague 27 February 2002 Hans van Mierlo, Amsterdam 11 December 2001 Mrs Hendrik Reinink, The Hague 3 March 2003 Onno Ruding, Brussels 28 October 2003 Networks of Empire 484 Norbert Schmelzer, Wassenaar 2 November 2001 Chris Steketee, Dalfsen 11 October 2002 Ed van Thijn, Amsterdam 11 February 2003 F. Tunnissen, Amsterdam 20 March 2002 B.J. Udink, Goederede 24 October 2001 Gerrit Vaders, Groningen 21 May 2002 Jan Vis, Zeist 8 March 2004 Henk Vonhoff, The Hague 27 February 2002 Henk Vredeling,...

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